Jamestown, Virginia
Virginia Flag


The first section of photos are from the Jamestown Settlement Museum. 

The photos below are of the housing used by the Powhatan Indians.  The Settlement Museum is a living history museum showing what it was like to live during the early years in the Jamestown colony.

they were made out of wicker and straw. One family lived here with their bedding and shelves, all off the ground.
They were not a nomadic people, as the docent expains how they lived and work. Inside the fort's chapel.  Note the candles on the beams, along with the raised pulpit.
The fort was a triangle with these type of cannon housings in each of the ends. A  musketeer that gave a demonstration.

These photos below are both looking at each other.   The one on the left toward the James River, while the one on the right back towards the fort.  Notice the garden, which contains all food stuffs that was grown at the settlement, including the tobacco plants, which are in the mounds of dirt.

The ships with the James River in the background. Looking from the ships to the fort.

These photos below show how the Powhatan Indians created their conoes.  By starting with a cypress log, they burned and scraped the inside until it was deep enough to kneel in when they were in the river, as being demonstrated by the docent.  The photo on the right shows a completed conoe.

A conoe being built. a finished conoe.
storage building The armory building.
sample of a thatched roof.

In these 3 photos, the 2 above and the 1 to the left, are samples of buildings in the fort.   The one on the left for storing items, like the barrels of goods and the tobacco, both coming in from or going out to England.  The right photo is the armory used only by the military and contain all the weapons necessary to defend the people from the Spanish or the Indians.

The house to the left shows a thatched roof.   These could last for up to 20 years before requiring a re-roof.  One can see how think it is, a good 6 to 10 inches.

The first people that established Jamestown came over on 3 ships, and it took over 3 months to make the journey.  Each ship is a different size as it has a different function, but none of them were comfortable.  These reproductions of those 3 ships do go out in the river from time to time being used by the docents.

Replica of the 3 ships that sailed from England. touring one of the ships.
Then "new" Godspeed.
between the decks.
A man over 5'10" can only stand up straight between the overhead beams.  In the smallest of the 3 ships, everyone had to walk crouched over or crawl on all 4's.

This section of photos are from Jamestown Island the actual First Permanent English Settlement in the U.S. 

There isn't much left here except for the foundations of original building, a reconstructed brick church, and the new archeological center displaying items that have been unearthed.  The settlers abandoned this area around 1700.  There are some civil war remnants in the area, but there does not seem to have been anyone that lived in this area after it was abandoned.   All the industry that these early colonist attempted failed with the exception of tobacco, which needs large land masses.  For these reasons plus the fact that the College of William and Mary had just started were what prompted the people to migrate to the mainland and off the island.

The photos above are the monument for "the Birthplace of Virginia and of the United States".
the park like setting now, overlooking the James River. where the original town resided.
John Smith Pocahontas

John Smith ruled the settlement with an iron but fair hand.  He was more interested in discovery then governing.  He and Pocahontas were friends as he made treaties and trading alliances with the Powhatan Chief, her father.  She married John Rolfe, a well to do tobacco farmer.  He took her back to England where she died after a few years and their son stayed there not returning with his father.

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